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Timber Species

These are the timber species we sell. We hope this will help you choose the most suitable wood species for your project.

American White Oak

American White Oak Timber (Quercus Alba) is distinct from Western Europe Oak (Quercus Robur & Petraea). It is generally produced from a smaller log and is less durable than the European variety.

American White Oak Working Properties

  • Machines well
  • Good for nailing and screwing, although pre-boring is advisable (also reacts with Iron)
  • Gluing results are variable
  • Stains and polishes well
  • Dries slowly and care is needed to avoid checking
  • Can be susceptible to movement in performance

American White Oak Physical Properties

  • Heavy and hard
  • Medium bending and crushing strength properties, but very good in steam bending
  • Southern White Oak is heavier and harder

American White Oak Durability

  • Heartwood is resistant to decay and extremely resistant to preservative treatment
  • Sapwood is moderately resistant to preservative treatment

American White Oak Main Uses

  • Construction
  • Furniture
  • Flooring
  • Architectural Joinery
  • Exterior Joinery
  • Mouldings
  • Doors
  • Kitchen cabinets
  • Panelling
  • Barrel staves


Sapele timber, predominantly from West Africa, is a reddish-brown hardwood. Although some parts of the Sapele logs will produce straight-grain or ‘quartered’ effect, generally it has a more random grain appearance, thus meaning it is liable to interlocked grain. Interlocked grain spirals around the centre of the tree thus alternating intermittently and causing a ‘rough’ effect, this can generally be reduced if not eliminated by heavy sanding. Sapele is used for numerous mahogany like products, for example conservatories, door frames and solid wood doors, furniture and counter tops.

Sapele Working Properties

  • Works fairly well with hand and machine tools
  • Tends to tear, interlocked grain in planing
  • Saws easily
  • Finishes well
  • Good gluing and nailing properties
  • Satisfactory peeling and slicing for veneers

Sapele Physical Properties

  • Moderate hardness and weight
  • Medium bending and crushing strengths, not recommended for steam bending
  • Seasons fairly rapidly but with a marked tendency to warp
  • Very variable in drying properties, requires careful stacking
  • Movement in service is rated as medium

Sapele Durability

  • Heartwood is moderately durable
  • Resistance to termite attack is variable
  • Sapwood liable to powder-post beetle attack
  • Heartwood resistant, sapwood moderately resistant

Sapele Main Uses

  • Furniture and cabinetwork
  • Decorative veneers
  • Plywood
  • Joinery
  • Flooring
  • Panelling

American Poplar Tulipwood

American Poplar Tulipwood timber comes from various Eastern States of America. It is often used for kitchen furniture carcasses as it is kiln dried to between about 8-12% av.m.c. and is stable for profiles and mouldings.

It has a soft texture and is predominantly pale cream to light green in colour, and often within each board there will be vivid purple and black colouring. This is not a defect, but should be considered when finishing.

American Poplar / Tulipwood Working Properties

  • Versatile and easy to machine and turn
  • Good for nailing, screwing and gluing
  • Takes paint, stains and enamels exceptionally well
  • Dries easily
  • Minimal movement in performance

American Poplar / Tulipwood Physical Properties

  • Medium density wood
  • Low bending, shock resistance, stiffness and compression properties
  • Medium steam bending properties

American Poplar / Tulipwood Durability

  • Non-resistant to decay
  • Heartwood is moderately resistant to preservative treatment, sapwood is permeable

American Poplar / Tulipwood Main Uses

  • Light construction
  • Furniture
  • Interior joinery
  • Kitchen cabinets
  • Doors
  • Panelling
  • Mouldings
  • Edge-glued panels
  • Plywood
  • Turning and carving

American Ash

American Ash timber is mainly used for interior furniture and joinery, particularly where bending-strength is required. The colour of Ash boards will vary from a white appearance through to brown.
American Ash Working Properties

  • Machines well
  • Good for nailing, screwing and gluing
  • Stains and polishes well
  • Dries fairly easily with minimal degrade
  • Little movement in performance

Physical Properties

  • Good overall strength
  • Excellent shock resistance
  • Good for steam bending


  • Non-resistant to heartwood decay
  • Sapwood is liable to powder post
  • Sapwood is liable to common furniture beetle attack
  • Heartwood is moderately resistant to preservative treatment
  • Sapwood is permeable

Main Uses

  • Furniture
  • Flooring
  • Doors
  • Architectural interiors
  • High class joinery and moulding
  • Kitchen cabinets
  • Paneling
  • Tool Handles
  • Sports Goods
  • Turning